GLOSSARY
OF TERMS

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GLOSSARY
OF TERMS

Accessorial Services

These include crating and appliance servicing — anything beyond the actual packing, transport, and unpacking of your items.

Accessorial (Additional) Services (applies to Residential & Interstate Moves)

Services such as packing, unpacking, or shuttle service that you request to be performed (or are necessary because of landlord requirements or other special circumstances). Charges for these services are in addition to the transportation charges.

Advanced Charges/Third Party

Charges for services not performed by the Mover but instead by a professional, craftsman or other third party at your request. The charges for these services are paid for by the Mover and added to your Bill of Lading/Freight Bill charges.

Agent

Company or person authorized to transact business for and in the name of another.

Airway bill

A contract for air transportation and receipt of goods shipped that covers movement by a carrier or air forwarder.

Banding

Material used to wrap the exterior of the shipment to hold it in place.

Bill of Lading - Straight

A non-negotiable document by which a transportation line acknowledges receipt of freight and contracts for its movement.

Bill of Lading/Freight Bill (applies Residential & Interstate Moves)

The receipt for your goods and the contract for their transportation. It is your responsibility to understand the bill of lading before you sign it. If you do not agree with something on the bill of lading, do not sign it until you are satisfied that it is correct. The bill of lading is an important document. Don’t lose or misplace your copy.

Binding/Non-Binding Estimate (applies to Residential & Interstate Moves)

А binding estimate is an agreement made in advance with the mover that guarantees the total cost of the move based on the quantities and services shown on the estimate. A non-binding estimate is the carrier’s approximation of the cost based on the estimated weight of the shipment and the accessorial services requested. A non-binding estimate is not binding on the carrier and the final charges will be based on the actual weight and tariff provisions in effect.

Booking

Тhe act of recording arrangements for the movement of goods.

Bracing

А method of protecting the loading of a railroad car or steamship container to prevent shifting of the load.

Break Bulk

Freight in neither a steamship nor an air container.

Broker (Transportation)

Intermediaries or middlemen who bring shippers and carriers together for a fee; they are neither carriers nor forwarders and have no legal responsibilities in connection with the actual transportation or safe delivery of the goods.

Broker (Customs)

Intermediaries licensed by U.S. Customs to handle routine work involved in making customs entries; the broker is usually given power of attorney by the importer to sign the necessary forms for customs clearance of the goods being imported.

Bulkhead

A structure built behind a loose load less-than-container loaded shipment in an ocean container, or rail car to prevent movement within the container or to separate it from other shipments.

Cargo

The contents of a shipment; the loading of a vessel, car or vehicle.

Carrier

An individual, partnership, or corporation that operates equipment engaged in the business of transporting goods.

Common Carrier

A transportation company engaged in the business of transporting persons or goods for compensation and for all persons or goods impartially.

Consignee

The party to whom the shipment is to be delivered.

Consolidation

Combining two or more small shipments in order to obtain reduced freight rates on a high volume shipment.

Containers - Air

Metal or wooden containers; these containers meet the various specifications regarding size and shape as required by the airlines.

Containers - Liftvan

Also called Type II containers; large wooden boxes which are caulked and waterproofed on the inside; sizes vary, a standard liftvan will measure from 166 cubic feet to 220 cubic feet.

Containers - Overflow

Small wooden boxes usually constructed by an origin agent for the shipment of excess goods that will not fit into liftvans or air containers.

Containers - Steamship

Large metal boxes into which shipments are put for ocean movement; standard sizes of 20′ and 40′ (also referred to ocean containers or ISO containers).

Containers - Triwall

Thick (three layer) cardboard boxes or cartons used for air shipments.

Cubic Foot

1,728 cubic inches.

Demurrage

Charge for not removing a loaded ocean container from a port or terminal within the time allowed.

Density

The number of pounds or kilos per cubic foot or cubic meter of space occupied.

Dock

A sorting platform where shipments are loaded and unloaded.

Dock Receipt

Document given to a carrier when it delivers goods to a dock or pier for an international shipment.

Drayage

Transporting of a shipment for short distances within a local area. Forwarder – an individual, partnership, or corporation that engages in the business of transporting goods but does not operate equipment; the forwarder arranges transportation by using subcontracted equipment operations and issues a bill of lading stating its transportation services.

Gross Weight

Total weight of a shipment including the container and the packing materials.

Guaranteed Pickup and Delivery Service (applies for Interstate Moves)

An additional level of service whereby dates of service are guaranteed, with the Mover providing reimbursement for delays. This premium service is often subject to minimum weight requirements.

High Value Article (applies to Residential & Interstate Moves)

Items included in a shipment that are valued at more than $100 per pound. These items should be disclosed to the mover to ensure that they are protected accordingly.

Interstate

Between states.

Intrastate

Within the same state.

Inventory

Detailed description as to goods packed and/or loaded.

Land Bridge

Overland movement of freight in ocean containers having a prior or subsequent movement by water.

Lien

Claim made on goods to the satisfaction of a debt.

Long Ton

2,240 pounds.

Net Weight

Weight of the goods and packing materials only.

Ocean Bill of Lading

(O.B.L.) a contract for carriage and receipt of goods shipped; covers only ocean movement.

Order for Service/Confirmation (applies to Residential & Interstate Moves)

The document authorizing the Mover to transport your household goods.

Packing List

Detailed description as to goods packed (inventory).

Pallet

Device used for moving and storing freight; about four feet square, constructed to facilitate placement of a lift truck between the levels of a platform to move it onto a freight car or into a warehouse.

Palletize

To place specific size material on a pallet in a prescribed arrangement.

Pickup and Delivery charges

Separate transportation charges applicable for transporting your shipment between the warehouse and your residence.

Port

A specifically designated area where the preparation, loading and unloading, warehousing, and drayage of air or ocean cargo is conducted.

Seal

Device used for locking a freight car, motor vehicle, or steamship container door; an unbroken seal serves as evidence that the door fastening has not been tampered with since the time of applying the seal.

Short Ton

2,000 pounds.

Shuttle Service

Use of a smaller vehicle to provide service to residences that are not accessible to the mover’s normal linehaul equipment (large moving vans).

Skid

Sets of legs or planks used alone or in combination with wheels and a platform to elevate and transport liftvans.

Spotting

(Steamship Containers) the placing of containers where required to be loaded or unloaded.

Storage-In-Transit

Temporary storage of a shipment; it can occur at any time after pick-up or prior to delivery.

Stripping

Term used for loading or devanning an ocean container.

Stuffing

The term used for loading an ocean container.

Tare Weight

Empty weight of a container.

Transit Time

Travel time to get from shipping point to destination point.

Un-stuffing

Unloading of shipments from a steamship or air container (stripping).

Valuation coverage

Protects belongings during transit or storage. “Base value” coverage is included. The amount it covers (measured in dollars-per-pound) varies by agency. The degree of “worth” of the shipment. The valuation charge that you are assessed compensates the Mover for assuming a greater degree of liability than that provided for in the base transportation charges.

Volume Weight

Chargeable weight based on the amount of space occupied.

Wide Body

An aircraft configuration that can accept larger pieces of cargo.